Hair Loss

What is Hair Loss?

Hair loss, or alopecia, refers to the loss of hair from parts of the head or body. Typically, the head is the most affected area. Losing between 50 to 100 hairs a day is normal, but noticeable thinning or bald patches may be signs of more significant hair loss.

Hair loss can result from various factors, including genetics, hormonal changes, medical conditions, and medications. Stress, poor diet, and harsh hair care practices can also contribute to hair loss.

Hair Loss Symptoms

The most common symptom of hair loss is a thinning of hair on your scalp, which can occur gradually or suddenly. Other symptoms include patchy bald spots, full-body hair loss, and sudden loosening of hair.

Types of Hair Loss

  • Androgenetic Alopecia: Commonly known as male or female pattern baldness, it is linked to genetic and hormonal factors.
  • Alopecia Areata: This type involves sudden patches of hair falling out.
  • Telogen Effluvium: A temporary condition often associated with stress, shock, or a traumatic event.
  • Anagen Effluvium: Typically caused by exposure to chemicals or radiation.

Early Signs of Balding

Early signs include a receding hairline, excessive hair on your pillow, brush, or shower drain, and noticeable thinning, especially on the top of the head.

Causes of Human Balding

The primary cause of human balding is a combination of genetics and hormonal factors. The hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is derived from testosterone, plays a significant role. DHT shortens the growth phase of hair follicles, causing them to shrink or “miniaturize“. This results in thinner, shorter hairs and eventually may stop hair growth entirely from affected follicles.


The tendency to develop pattern baldness can be inherited from either parent’s side of the family. If you have close relatives who are balding, you are more likely to experience it as well.


The progression of balding in men typically follows a pattern, starting with a receding hairline followed by thinning at the crown, which can progress to complete baldness. In women, it usually begins with overall hair thinning without a receding hairline, and rarely leads to total baldness.

Hair Loss Prevention

To prevent hair loss, avoid harsh treatments such as hot rollers, curling irons, and harsh chemicals. Opt for a gentle shampoo and regular conditioning. Eating a balanced diet rich in iron, protein, and vitamins can also help maintain healthy hair.

Hair Loss Supplements

Certain supplements can support hair health, including Biotin, Bitamin D, Zinc, Iron, and Omega-3 & Omega-6 fatty acids. However, it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare provider before starting any supplements.

Non-surgical Hair Loss Treatment

  • Minoxidil (Rogaine): An over-the-counter topical treatment that can slow hair loss and promote hair growth.
  • Finasteride (Propecia): A prescription pill that decreases hormone levels contributing to hair loss.
  • Laser Therapy: Uses laser light to stimulate hair follicles.

Surgical Hair Loss Treatments Types

  • Hair Transplant Surgery: Involves moving small plugs of skin, each with a few hairs, to bald parts of your scalp.
  • Scalp Reduction: Removing parts of the scalp that lack hair.
  • Scalp Expansion: Devices are inserted under the scalp to stretch skin and promote hair growth in adjacent areas.

Understanding hair loss and exploring both surgical and non-surgical treatments can help manage this condition effectively. It’s important to consult a healthcare provider to tailor a treatment plan that’s appropriate for your specific type of hair loss.

While natural remedies like essential oils, aloe vera, and scalp massage can support scalp health and reduce hair loss due to breakage, they are less effective against genetic hair loss.

Yes, a diet lacking in essential nutrients like iron, protein, and vitamins can contribute to hair loss. Improving your diet can help mitigate hair loss and promote hair growth.

Reversing hair loss naturally depends on the cause. If the cause is nutritional deficiencies or stress, improving diet and managing stress may help.

Yes, hair loss can sometimes be a symptom of underlying health issues like thyroid disease, autoimmune diseases, or scalp infections. It’s important to seek medical advice to rule out any serious conditions.


Choosing the right treatment involves understanding the underlying cause of your hair loss. A consultation with a dermatologist or a trichologist can provide guidance based on your specific condition.

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